Publications

The following is a list of publications authored by members of the Forest Ecosystem Restoration and Ecology Lab. Adobe PDFs are available for some publications.

Click here to view list of manuscripts currently in review.

Click here to view theses and dissertations of FEREL graduate students.

2016

Costigan, K.H., K.L. Jaeger, C.W. Goss, K.M. Fritz, and P.C. Goebel. 2016. Understanding controls on flow permanence in intermittent rivers to aid ecological research: A call for scientific integration. Ecohydrology. DOI: 10.1002/eco.1712.

Davies G.M., N. Kettridge, C.R. Stoof, A. Gra, D. Ascoli, P.M. Fernandes, R. Marrs, K.A. Allen, S.H. Doerr, G. Clay, J. McMorrow, and V. Vandvik. 2016. The role of fire in U.K peatland and moorland management; the need for informed, unbiased debate. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 371: 20150342.

Davies G.M., C.R. Stoof, N. Kettridge, and A. Gray. 2016. Comment on: Vegetation burning for game management in the UK uplands is increasing and overlaps spatially with soil carbon and protected areas. Biological Conservation. 195: 293–294.

Davies G.M., R. Domènech, A. Gray, and P.C.D. Johnson. 2016. Vegetation structure and fire weather influence variation in burn severity and fuel consumption during peatland wildfires. Biogeosciences. 13: 389-398.

2015

Davies G.M., and A. Gray. 2015. Don’t let spurious accusations of pseudoreplication limit our ability to learn from natural experiments (and other messy kinds of ecological monitoring). Ecology and Evolution. 5:5295-5304.

Davies G.M., and A. Gray. 2015. Changes in vegetation composition and diversity following livestock removal along an upland elevational gradient. iForest. 8:582-589.

Denney, R.T., and D.M. Hix. 2015. Current composition and structure of an eastern hemlock ecosystem in Alabama. Proc. National Convention of the Society of American Foresters. Baton Rouge, LA.

Hix, D.M. 2015. Providing the essential foundation through an experiential-learning approach: an intensive field course on forest ecosystems for undergraduate students. Journal of Forestry 113:484-489.

Rose, S.J., and P.C. Goebel. 2015. Short-term impacts of prescribed burning on the spider community (Order: Araneae) in a small Ohio grassland. Ohio Journal of Science. 115:79-86.

2014

Butler, P.R., Iverson, L., Thompson, III, F.R., Brandt, L., Handler, S., Janowiak, M., Shannon, P.D., Swanston, C.W., Karriker, K., Bartig, J., Connolly, S., Dijak, W., Bearer, S., Blatt, S., Brandon, A., Byers, E., Coon, C., Culbreth, T., Daly, J., Dorsey, W., Ede, D., Euler, C., Gillies, N., Hix, D.M., Johnson, C., Lyte, L., Matthews, S., McCarthy, D., Minney, D., Murphy, D., O’Dea, C., Orwan, R., Peters, M., Prasad, A., Randall, C., Reed, J., Sandeno, C., Schuler, T., Sneddon, L., Stanley, B., Steele, A., Stout, S., Swaty, R., Teets, J., Tomon, T., Vanderhorst, J., Whatley, J., and Zegre, N. 2014. Central Appalachians forest ecosystem vulnerability assessment and synthesis: a report from the Central Appalachians Climate Change Response Framework. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-146. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 310 p.

Corace, R.G., III, L.M. Shartell, P.C. Goebel, D.M. Kashian, I. Drobyshev, and D.M. Hix. 2014. Bird communities of reference and altered mixed-pine forests: implications for restoring fire-dependent forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management. 318:183-193.

Duval, R.P., T.E., McConnell, D.M. Hix, S.N. Matthews, and R.A. Williams. 2014. Ohio hardwood sawlog price trends. Wood and Fiber Science. 46:85-96.

Duval, R.P., T.E. McConnell, and D.M. Hix. 2014. The annual change in Ohio hardwood stumpage prices, 1960 to 2011. Forest Products Journal. 64:19-25.

Goss, C.W., P.C. Goebel, and S.M.P. Sullivan. 2014. Shifts in attributes along agricultural-forest transitions of two streams in central Ohio, USA. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 197:106-117.

Hix, D.M., T.D. Macy, P.C. Goebel, P.C., and S.N. Matthews. 2014. Eastern hemlock-dominated forest ecosystems of northeastern Ohio and possible changes with the impending infestation by the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid. Proc. XXIV IUFRO World Congress. International Forestry Review. 16:438.

Nyamai, P.A., P.C. Goebel, D.M. Hix, R.G. Corace, III, and I. Drobyshev. 2014. Fire history, fuels, and overstory effects on the regeneration-layer dynamics of mixed-pine forest ecosystems of eastern Upper Michigan. Forest Ecology and Management. 322:37-47.

Toman, E. D.M. Hix, P.C. Goebel, S.D. Gehrt, R.S. Wilson, J.A. Sherry, A. Silvis, P. Nyamai, R.A. Williams, and S. McCaffrey. 2014. Hazardous fuels management in mixed red pine and eastern white pine forest in the northern Lake States: A synthesis of knowledge. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-134. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 64 p.

2013

Corace, III, R.G., A.T. Stout, P.C. Goebel, and D.M. Hix. 2013. Snag benchmarks and treatment options for mixed-pine forest restoration in Upper Michigan. Restoration Ecology. 21:608-616.

Martin, K.L., and P.C. Goebel. 2013. The foundation species influence of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) on biodiversity and ecosystem function on the Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. Forest Ecology and Management. 289:143-152.

Zhao, W., P.C. Goebel, and J. Cardina. 2013. Temporal and spatial pattern of a privet (Ligustrum vulgare) invasion. Invasive Plant Science and Management. 6:310-319.

2012

Bumgardner, M.S., G.W. Graham, and P.C. Goebel. 2012. Opportunities for development of local forest markets: the case of Amish furniture manufacturing" In: Meyer, S.R. ed. Proceedings, IUFRO Small-scale Forestry Conference. Amherst, MA: IUFRO. 16-19.

Corace, III, R.G., A.T. Stout, P.C. Goebel, and D.M. Hix. 2012. Snag benchmarks and treatment options for mixed-pine forest restoration in Upper Michigan. Restoration Ecology. (In Press - Early View).

Drobyshev, I., P.C. Goebel, Y. Bergeron, and R.G. Corace, III. 2012. Detecting changes in climate forcing on fire regime in a North American mixed pine forests: a case study of Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Upper Michigan. Dendrochronologia. 30:137-145.

Goebel, P.C., B.J. Palik, and K.S. Pregitzer. 2012. Structure and composition of riparian forests in an old-growth northern hardwood-hemlock watershed. Forest Ecology and Management. 280:52-61.

Goebel, P.C., K.S. Pregitzer, and B.J. Palik. 2012. Influence of flooding and fluvial landforms on stream valley plant communities in an old-growth northern hardwood watershed. Wetlands. 32:679-691.

Kocher, S.D., E. Toman, S.F. Trainor, V. Wright, J.S. Briggs, P.C. Goebel, E.M. Mont-Blanc, A. Oxarat, D.L. Pepin, T.A. Steelman, A. Thode, and T.A. Waldrop. 2012. How can we span the boundaries between wildland fire science and management in the United States? Journal of Forestry. 110:421-428.

Martin, K.L., and P.C. Goebel. 2012. Decline in riparian Tsuga canadensis forests of the central Appalachians across an Adelges tsugae invasion chronosequence. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 139:367-378.

Miesel, J.R., P.C. Goebel, R.G. Corace, III, D.M. Hix, R. Kolka, B.J. Palik, and D. Mladenoff. 2012. Fire effects on soil in Lake States Forests: a compilation of published research to facilitate long-term investigations. Forests. 3:1034-1070.

Morris, A.E.L., L.R. Williams, P.C. Goebel, and E. Braig, IV. 2012. Association of brook trout and other fish with large wood jams in a Lake Superior tributary in a northern old-growth watershed. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 21:1-12.

2011

Bumgardner, M. S., G.W. Graham, P.C. Goebel, and R.L. Romig. 2011. Perceptions of firms within a cluster regarding its function and success: Amish furniture manufacturing in Ohio. In: Fei, S., Lhotka, J.M., Stringer, J.W., Gottschalk, K.W., and Miller, G.W., eds. Proceedings, 17th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 597-606.

Bumgardner, M.S., G.W. Graham, P.C. Goebel, and R.L. Romig. 2011. How clustering dynamics influence lumber utilization patterns in the Amish-based furniture industry in Ohio. Journal of Forestry. 109:74-81.

Goebel, P. C., D.M. Hix, and H.L. Whitman. 2011. Influence of environmental factors and adjacent land use on the composition and structure of woody riparian vegetation in northeastern Ohio. In: Fei, S., Lhotka, J.M., Stringer, J.W., Gottschalk, K.W., and Miller, G.W., eds. Proceedings, 17th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 186-196.

Hix, D.M., P.C. Goebel, and H.L. Whitman. 2011. Canopy gap characteristics of an old-growth and adjacent second-growth beech-maple stand in north-central Ohio. In: Fei, S., Lhotka, J.M., Stringer, J.W., Gottschalk, K.W., and Miller, G.W., eds. Proceedings, 17th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 177-185.

Holmes, K.L., and P.C. Goebel. 2011. A functional approach to riparian area delineation using geospatial methods. Journal of Forestry. 109:233-241.

Holmes, K.L., P.C. Goebel, L.R. Williams, and M. Schecengost. 2011. Environmental influences on macroinvertebrate assemblages in headwater streams of northeastern Ohio, Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 26:409-422.

Martin, K.L., D.M. Hix, and P.C. Goebel. 2011. Coupling of vegetation layers and environmental influences in a mature, second-growth Central Hardwood forest landscape. Forest Ecology and Management. 261:720-729.

Martin, K.L., and P.C. Goebel. 2011. Preparing for hemlock wooly adelgid in Ohio: communities associated with hemlock-dominated ravines of Ohio's unglaciated Allegheny Plateau.In: Fei, S., Lhotka, J.M., Stringer, J.W., Gottschalk, K.W., and Miller, G.W., eds. Proceedings, 17th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2010 April 5-7; Lexington, KY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-78. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 436-446.

Rist, S.L., P.C. Goebel, R.G. Corace, III, D.M. Hix, I. Drobyshev, and T. Casselman. 2011. Do partial cross sections from live trees for fire history analysis result in higher mortality 2 years after sampling? Forest Ecology and Management. 262:940-946.

2010

Allen, B. P., Goebel, P. C., Sharitz, R. R., 2010. Long-term effects of wind disturbance on the old-growth forests and lianas of the Congaree National Park. Final Report to the National Park Service. School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH. 42 pp.

Corace, R. G., III, N.E. Seefelt, and P.C. Goebel. 2010. Snag management in Kirtland’s Warbler jack pine plantations. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry. 27:125-131.

Corace, R. G., III, P.C. Goebel, and D.L. McCormick. 2010. Kirtland’s Warbler habitat management and multi-species bird conservation: considerations for planning and management across jack pine habitat types. Natural Areas Journal. 30:174-190.

Corace, R. G., III and P.C. Goebel. 2010. An ecological approach to forest management for wildlife: integrating disturbance ecology patterns into silvicultural treatments. The Wildlife Professional. Spring:38-40.

Goebel, P. C., M.S. Bumgardner, D.A. Herms, and A. Sabula. 2010. Failure to phytosanitize firewood infested with emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) in a small dry kiln using ISPM-15 standards. Journal of Economic Entomology. 103:597-602.

Goebel, P.C., M.S. Bumgardner, D.A. Herms, and A. Sabula. 2010. Using heat to sanitize EAB-infested firewood. Ohio Woodland Journal 17:23-25.

Goebel, P.C., C.W. Goss, V. Bouchard, and L.R. Williams. 2010. How important are riparian forests to aquatic food webs in agricultural watersheds of north-central Ohio, USA? Pp. 129-134, In: J.C. Azevedo, M. Feliciano, J. Castro and M.A. Pinto (Editors), Proceedings of the IUFRO Landscape Ecology International Conference, Sept 21-27, 2010. Bragança, Portugal.

Holmes, K.L., P.C. Goebel, and A.E.L. Morris. 2010. The distribution and characteristics of downed wood across headwater riparian ecotones: integrating the stream with the riparian area. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 40: 1604-1614.

Martin, K.L., and P.C. Goebel. 2010. Impact of hemlock decline on successional pathways and ecosystem function at multiple scales in forests of the central Appalachians, USA. Pp. 147-152, In: J.C. Azevedo, M. Feliciano, J. Castro and M.A. Pinto (Editors), Proceedings of the IUFRO Landscape Ecology International Conference, Sept 21-27, 2010. Bragança, Portugal.

Morris, A.E.L., P.C. Goebel, and B.J. Palik. 2010. Spatial distribution of large wood jams in streams related to stream-valley geomorphology and forest age in northern Michigan. River Research and Applications. 26:835-847.

Morris, A. E.L., W. Fisher, E. Maloutas-Storheim, and P.C. Goebel. 2010. On the Need for Stream and Riparian Restoration in Land Conservation. Pp. 177-180, In Stream Restoration: Halting Disturbances, Assisted Recovery and Managed Recovery. Edited by G.D. Hayes; and T. Flores. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

2009

Corace, R. G., III, P.C. Goebel, D.M. Hix, T. Casselman, and N.E. Seefelt. 2009. Ecological forestry at National Wildlife Refuges: experiences from Seney National Wildlife Refuge and Kirtland’s Warbler Wildlife Management Area, USA. Forestry Chronicle. 85: 695-701.

Corace, R. G., III, P.C. Goebel, and T.C. Wyse. 2009. A Multi-scale Assessment and Evaluation of Historic Openlands at Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. National Park Service, Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/GLKN/NRTR—2009/150. Fort Collins, CO.

Goebel, P. C., D.M. Hix, R.S. Wilson, and R.G. Corace, III. 2009. Linking ecological and structured decision-making networks to develop local- and landscape-scale restoration strategies for mixed-pine forests of Upper Michigan, USA. In: Pp. 192-196, Ecological Networks: Science and Practice. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the International Association of Landscape Ecology (UK Chapter). R. Catchpole, R. Smithers, P. Baarda, and A. Eycott (Editors). International Association of Landscape Ecology (UK Chapter), Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

Goebel, P.C, and K.L. Holmes. 2009. "Prioritising riparian restoration by integrating ecological function and management objectives across a landscape of northeastern Ohio, USA." In: Pp. 152-160, Ecological Networks: Science and Practice. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the International Association of Landscape Ecology (UK Chapter). R. Catchpole, R. Smithers, P. Baarda, and A. Eycott (Editors). International Association of Landscape Ecology (UK Chapter), Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.

Wilson, R.S., D.M. Hix, P.C. Goebel, and R.G. Corace, III. 2009. Identifying land manager objectives and alternatives for mixed-pine forest ecosystem management and restoration in eastern Upper Michigan. Ecological Restoration. 27:407-416.

2008

Corace, R. G., III, P.C. Goebel, and N.C. Seefelt. 2008. Innovative forest management: Seney National Wildlife Refuge and Kirtland’s Warbler Wildlife Management Area. Forest Wisdom, (Spring): 4,10.

Drobyshev, I.V., Goebel, P.C., Hix, D.M., Corace III, R.G., and Semko Duncan, M. E. 2008. Fire history of red pine-dominated forest ecosystems of the Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Upper Michigan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 38:2497-2514.

Drobyshev, I.V., Goebel, P.C., Hix, D.M., Corace III, R.G., and Semko Duncan, M.E. 2008. Interactions between forest structure, fuel loadings and fire history: a case study of red pine-dominated forests of Seney National Wildlife Refuge, Upper Michigan. Forest Ecology and Management. 256:1723-1733.

Goebel, P. C., and D.M. Hix. 2008. Crall Woods. Pp. 28-29, In: Proceedings of the 2008 Central States Forest Soils Conference, Columbus, OH. Ohio State University Extension, Columbus, OH.

Goebel, P. C., and D.M. Hix. 2008. "Forest stand dynamics at Crall Woods." Pp. 32-37, In: Proceedings of the 2008 Central States Forest Soils Conference, Columbus, OH. Ohio State University Extension, Columbus, OH.

Goebel, P.C., M.S. Bumgardner, and D.A. Herms. 2008. Phytosanitation of emerald ash borer infested firewood. Final project report submitted to Division of Forestry, Ohio Department of Natural Resources and the USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry, School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH. 21 pp.

Holmes, K. L., and P.C. Goebel. 2008. Prioritization model for riparian areas of the Cuyahoga Valley National Park. Final Project Report to National Park Service. School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH. 191 pp.

Pinheiro, N.R., Goebel, P.C., and Hix, D. M. 2008. Forty-two years of change in an old-growth and second-growth beech-maple forest of north central Ohio In: Jacobs, D.F. and Michler, C.H., eds. Proceedings, 16th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2008 April 8-9; West Lafayette, IN. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-24. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 204-212.

2007

Allen, B. P., P.C. Goebel, and R.R. Sharitz. 2007. Are lianas increasing in importance in temperate floodplain forests in the southeastern United States? Forest Ecology and Management. 242:17-23.

Goebel, P. C., 2007. Ecological assessment of the USDI Fish and Wildlife Service’s Kirtland’s Warbler Wildlife Management Area. Final Project Report to US Fish and Wildlife Service. School of Environment and Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH. 72 pp.

Graham, G. W., Goebel, P. C., Heiligmann, R. B., and Bumgardner, M. B. 2007. Influence of demographic characteristics on production practices within the Ohio maple syrup industry. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 24:290-295.

Graham, G.W., P.C. Goebel, and R.B. Heiligmann. 2007. Ohio’s tasty forest product industry - maple syrup. The Ohio Woodland Journal 14(2):16-17.

Holmes, K. L., P.C. Goebel, and D.M. Hix. 2007. Influence of landform and soil characteristics on canopy and ground-flora composition and structure of first and second order headwater riparian forests in unglaciated Ohio. Pp. 325-336, In: D.S. Buckley and W.K. Clatterbuck (Editors). Proceedings, 15th Central Hardwoods Research Conference, Knoxville, TN. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-101, Asheville, NC. Refereed paper.

Morris, A. L., Goebel, P. C., and Palik, B. J. 2007. Geomorphic and riparian forest influences on characteristics of large wood and large wood jams in old-growth and second-growth forests in Northern Michigan, USA. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 32:1131-1153.

2006

Goebel, P.C., K.S. Pregitzer, and B.J. Palik. 2006. Landscape hierarchies influence riparian ground-flora communities in Wisconsin, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 230:43-54.

Graham, G. W., P.C. Goebel, R.B. Heiligmann, and M.S. Bumgardner. 2006. The role of extension in supporting maple syrup production in family-owned sugarbushes in Ohio. Journal of Forestry 104(2): 94-101.

Morris, A.E.L., P.C. Goebel, L.R. Williams, and B.J. Palik. 2006. Influence of land-scape geomorphology on large wood jams and salmonids in an old-growth river of Upper Michigan. Hydrobiologia. 556:149-161.

2005

Allen, B.P., R.R. Sharitz, and P.C. Goebel. Twelve years post-hurricane liana dynamics in an old-growth southeastern floodplain forest. Forest Ecology and Management. 218:259-269.

Allen, B. P., R.R. Sharitz, and P.C. Goebel. 2005. Long-term trends in liana density in temperate floodplain forests: Implications for forest management. Proceedings of the 2006 Society of American Foresters National Convention. Ft. Worth, TX.

Corace, R.G., P.C. Goebel, and T.C. Wyse. 2005. Bird communities of historic openlands at Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. Michigan Birds and Natural History. 12:169-181.

Goebel, P.C., D.M. Hix and M.E. Semko-Duncan. 2005. Composition and structure of two contrasting southeastern Ohio old-growth forest ecosystem types. Ohio Journal of Science. 105:8-16.

Goebel, P. C., T.C. Wyse, and R.G. Corace. 2005. Determining reference ecosystem conditions for disturbed landscapes within the context of contemporary resource management issues. Journal of Forestry. 103(7):351-356.

Graham , G.W., R.B. Heiligmann, and P.C. Goebel. 2005. The Ohio Maple Syrup Industry: The People, the Practices, and the Value to Ohio. In: Ornamental Plants Annual Reports and Research Reviews 2005. OARDC Special Circular 197: 172-176.

Holmes, K.L., P.C. Goebel, D.M. Hix, and C.E. Dygert. 2005. Ground-flora composition and structure of floodplain and upland landforms of an old-growth headwater forest in north-central Ohio. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 132:62-71.

2004

Allen, B.P., P.C. Goebel, and D.M. Hix. 2004. Thirty-one years of stand development in a northern red oak, Quercus rubra, plantation in central Ohio, USA. Pp. 434-439, In: D.A. Yaussy, D.M. Hix, P.C. Goebel, and R.L. Long (Editors). Proceedings. 14th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; March 16-19, 2004, Wooster, OH. USDA USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-316, Newtown Square, PA. Peer Reviewed.

Holmes, K.L., M.E. Semko-Duncan, and P.C. Goebel. 2004. Temporal changes in spring ground-flora communities across riparian areas in a north-central Ohio old-growth forest. Pp. 335-343, In: D.A. Yaussy, D.M. Hix, P.C. Goebel, and R.L. Long (Editors). Proceedings. 14th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; March 16-19, 2004, Wooster, OH. USDA USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-316, Newtown Square, PA. Peer Reviewed.

Kirkman, L.K., P.C. Goebel, B.J. Palik, and L. West. 2004. Predicting plant diversity in a longleaf pine landscape. Écoscience. 11:80-93.

2003

Corace, R.G., P.C. Goebel, and T.C. Wyse. 2003. A multi-scale assessment and evaluation of historic openlands at Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. National Park Service Report. Empire, MI. 50p.

Goebel, P.C., B.J. Palik, and K.S. Pregitzer. 2003. Plant diversity contributions of riparian areas in watersheds of the northern Lake States, USA. Ecological Applications. 13:1595-1609.

Goebel, P.C., K.S. Pregitzer, and B.J. Palik. 2003. Geomorphic influences on large wood dam loadings, particulate organic matter and dissolved organic matter in an old-growth northern hardwood watershed. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 18:479-490.

Goebel, P.C., D.M. Hix, and M.E. Semko-Duncan. 2003. Identifying reference conditions for riparian areas of Ohio. OARDC Special Circular SC-192. Wooster, OH. 27pp.

Goebel, P.C., and D.M. Hix. 2003. The next 100 years - Forest ecosystem restoration in Ohio. Ohio Woodlands. 41(1):23-25.

Goebel, P.C., D.M. Hix, and M.E. Semko-Duncan. 2003. Restoring Ohio's riparian areas: How do we know what conditions to restore to? Ohio Woodlands. 41(2):7-9.

Goebel, P.C., D.M. Hix, C.E. Dygert, and K.L. Holmes. 2003. Ground-flora communities of headwater riparian areas in an old-growth Central Hardwood Forest. Pp. 136-145, In: Van Sambeek, J.W. Dawson, F. Ponder, Jr., E.F. Lowenstein, and J.S. Fralish (Editors), Proceedings, 13th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; April 1-3, 2002, Urbana, IL. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-234, St. Paul, MN. Peer reviewed.

Goebel,P.C., R.G. Corace, ad T.C. Wyse. 2003. Balancing the Need to Restore Forest Ecosystems While Focusing on Other Important Conservation Goals - Examples from Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. Pp. 331-343, Proceedings, 2003 Society of American Foresters National Convention. October 25-29. Buffalo, NY. Editor reviewed.

Hix, D.M., and P.C. Goebel. 2003. Restoring natural disturbance regimes in Ohio's forests - the role of silviculture. Ohio Woodlands. 41(3):5-9.

Weiskittel, A.R., and D.M. Hix. 2003. Canopy Gap Characteristics of an Oak-Beech-Maple Old-Growth Forest in Northeastern Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science 103:111-115.

Corace, R.G., P.C. Goebel, and T.C. Wyse. 2003. A multi-scale assessment and evaluation of historic openlands at Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. National Park Service Report. Empire, MI. 50p.

2001

Goebel, P.C., B.J. Palik, L.K. Kirkman, M.B. Drew, L. West, and D.C. Pederson. 2001. Forest ecosystems of a Lower Gulf Coastal Plain landscape: multifactor classification and analysis. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 128:47-75.

Pregitzer, K.S., P.C. Goebel, and T.B. Wigley. 2001. Evaluating forestland classification schemes as tools for the maintenance of biodiversity. Journal of Forestry 99:33-40.

2000

Kirkman, L.K., P.C. Goebel, L. West, M.B. Drew, and B.J. Palik. 2000. Depressional wetland reference sites: a question of community development. Wetlands 20:373-385.

Palik, B.J., P.C. Goebel, L.K. Kirkman, and L. West. 2000. Using landscape hierarchies to guide restoration of disturbed ecosystems. Ecological Applications 10:189-202.

Pregitzer, K.S., and P.C. Goebel. 2000. Land management tools for the maintenance of biological diversity: an evaluation of existing forest land classification schemes. NCASI Technical Bulletin 800. Research Triangle Park, NC.

Sutherland, E.K., B.J. Hale and D.M. Hix. 2000. Defining species guilds in the Central Hardwood Forest, USA. Plant Ecology 147:1-19.

1999

Goebel, P.C., D.M. Hix and A.M. Olivero. 1999. Seasonal ground-flora dynamics between second-growth and old-growth south-facing forest ecosystems, southeastern Ohio. Natural Areas Journal 19:12-21.

Keller, J.A. and Hix, D.M. 1999. Canopy gap fraction and origin in second-growth forests of Washington County, Ohio. Castanea 64:252-258.

1998

Olivero, A.M. and D.M. Hix. 1998. Influence of aspect and stand age on ground flora of southeastern Ohio forest ecosystems. Plant Ecology 139:177-187.

Palik, B.J., S.W. Golladay, P. C. Goebel, and B.W. Taylor. 1998. Riparian geomorphology and coarse woody debris recruitment in a Georgia Coastal Plain stream. Écoscience 5:551-560.

1997

Hix, D.M. and J.N. Pearcy. 1997. Forest ecosystems of the Marietta Unit, Wayne National Forest, southeastern Ohio: multifactor classification and analysis. Can. J. For. Res. 27:1117-1131.

Goebel, P.C. and D.M. Hix. 1997. Changes in the composition and structure of mixed-oak, second-growth forest ecosystems during the understory reinitiation stage of stand development. Écoscience 4:327- 339.

Goebel, P.C., and D.M. Hix. 1997. Correlations among stand ages and forest strata in mixed-oak forests of southeastern Ohio. Pp. 269-282, In: S.G. Pallardy, R.A. Cecich, H.G. Garrett, and P.S. Johnson (Editors), Proceedings, Eleventh Central Hardwood Forest Conference, Columbia, MO. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-188. Refereed paper.

Goebel, P.C., B.J. Palik, L.K. Kirkman, and L. West. 1997. Field Guide: Landscape ecosystem types of Ichauway. General Technical Report 97-1, Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center, Newton, GA.

Golladay, S.W., B.J. Palik, P.C. Goebel, and B.W. Taylor. 1997. Influence of riparian landform on large woody debris input and movement in a blackwater Coastal Plain stream. In: K.J. Hatcher (Editor), Proceedings of the 1997 Georgia Water Resources Conference. Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

1996

Goebel, P.C. and D.M. Hix. 1996. Development of mixed-oak forests in southeastern Ohio: a comparison of second-growth and old-growth forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 84:1-21.

Goebel, P.C., B.J. Palik, L.K. Kirkman, and L. West. 1996. Geomorphic influences on riparian forest composition and structure in a karst landscape of southwestern Georgia. Pp. 110-114, In: K.M. Flynn (Editor), Proceedings, Southern Forested Wetlands Ecology and Management Conference, Clemson, SC.

Norland, E. R. and D.M. Hix. 1996. Composition and structure of a chronosequence of young, mixed-species forests in southeastern Ohio, USA. Vegetatio 125:11-30.