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Rumex crispus

Curly dock fruits (achenes) showing un-notched margin of wing.

Curly dock leaf; note the wavy appearance.

Curly dock seedlings with 2 to 3 true leaves.

  • Dried fruit stalks have been used in flower arrangements and holiday wreaths. Native Americans reportedly used the seeds in flour and meal; they cooked a mush from the seeds, but only in times of need.

  • During early spring and summer the leaves are edible as cooked greens in limited quantities. Leaves reportedly are high in vitamins C and A.

  • Various parts of curly dock were used medicinally for a variety of ailments including rheumatism, jaundice, scurvy, and skin diseases, and were administered as a syrup or in externally applied ointments.